Child Sex Offenders

Child Sex Offenders

Sexual violence is a serious problem, and it has devastating consequences. The challenge we face in making our society safer includes, an understanding of the offense risk and patterns, as well as resources. It is this knowledge that can inform our decisions on reporting, investigation, sentencing, and more.

file5531288554814Child Sex Abusers

Child sexual abuse is defined as the coercion/force of a sexual nature in victims younger than 13, or with an age difference of 5 years between victim and perpetrator. Or, if the age difference is 10 years or more, when the victim is aged between 13 and 16. Coercion does not imply a direct threat. As we know, many child sex offenders develop a relationship with the child, in order to manipulate them into complying with the sexual act. In fact, a defining feature of child sex abuse is that the offender believes the relationship is not only acceptable, but mutual.

The Difference

Child sex offenders come across every economic status, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, and marital status. It’s very difficult to classify them, because of this. They are generally characterizes as having feelings of loneliness or inadequacy, passive in relationships, and exhibit poor social skills. There is a stark difference between rapists and child sex offenders. Child sex offenders often describe their behavior as uncontrollable, while rapists do not.

Child sex offenders show gaps in their ability to process information. There’s a mental distortion there that allows them to deny the effects of their offenses. While rapists blame the victim, and hold distorted views of sex roles, and women. Rapists assault because of anger and vindictiveness; child sex offenders assault for other reasons.

Types of Child Sex Offenders

The first typology is determining whether it is non-pedophilic, or pedophilic abuse. Additionally, whether they are regressed or fixated. A fixated offer prefers social interaction with children, and they groom children into the sexual contact. While regressed offenders prefer social interaction with adults, and will maintain romantic relationships with adults, too.

Fixated child sex offenders generally assault male children of no relation, while regressed offenders include incest, and the victims tend to be female.

Victim Distinction

The victim’s gender has proven to be important, because it’s this factor that can predict the likelihood of reoffending. Male offenders, who abuse males, are twice as likely to reoffend, when compared to those who abuse females. The highest number of offenses and victims comes with an abuser that abuses both genders. Additionally, incest offenders have lower reoffending rates, and don’t exhibit signs of pedophilia, nor do they tend to abuse as many males. Those who abuse outside of the family are more likely to be fixated offenders, who reoffend and struggle to maintain adult relationships. Incest offenders tend to have fewer victims. 

The Toll

While the typology of child sex offenders may help people recognize a child sex offender in their presence- the toll on the victim is the same, regardless. Victims of child sex abuse are left with a lifetime of emotional scarring.

Taylor

Tom "Taylor" Pyles is a child abuse survivor and the founder The Blue Ribbon Project. He has been a police officer with Annapolis Police Department for over a decade and is assigned as a Detective in the Criminal Investigations Section.  When not working, you'll find him spending time with his family and out enjoying the countryside on two wheels. 

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